Inky Revolution

12th of May, 2014

Dear Journal,

If Andres Bonifacio led the “bloody revolution”, Rizal is the frontrunner of the “inky revolution”. Instead of using a bolo and shedding blood, Rizal equipped himself with a pen and shed ink on paper. It should be noted that Rizal’s contribution focused on writing literary pieces that ignited the spark of Filipino nationalism to stand up against the Spanish colonialism. Here are the novels and essays that we discussed:



Through his minor characters with the likes of Sisa, Pilosopong Tasyo, Elias and others, Rizal was able to express himself as he was a product of his characters. Noli addressed the Tagalogs and unraveled to them the social cancer that was gradually killing them from the inside. With this 63-chaptered novel, Rizal cost his family trouble and alas! the Calamba Hacienda Case.

Note: Not a love story


A transformation occurred within Ibarra, the assumed personification of Rizal in Noli, and he became the very radical Simuon. With his revenge at hand, Simuon was able to manipulate the Spanish government through his personal ties with them. The Philippines as a whole was the target audience for this novel and revolution was introduced but stood short as education symbolized by the lamp that contained the bomb and a national sentiment was not enough.


Annotation of Sucesos delas Islas Filipinas of Antonio Morga

Along with comments from Rizal, he was able to write manually the whole chronicle of Morga in his travel to the Philippines. It was revealed in that essay that Philippines had a rich culture even before the Spaniards stepped on the Philippine soil.

Sobre la Indolencia de Filipinos

In the Spanish regime, Indios were criticized for their indolence. Blame not only should be shared by the Filipinos but by the colonizers as well. From this essay, Rizal exposed the reasons behind such behavior of Filipinos including the nature, the maltreatment of the Spaniards highlighting ingratitude and corruption and the likes.

Filipinos de Cien Anos

By analyzing Philippines’ past, present and probably the future, Rizal was able to predict the following: (1) Philippines remaining as a colony but will eventually be independent through assimilation, (2) bloody revolution, and (3) fall to another colonizer’s hand, accurately the Yankees.

Sa Kadalagahan ng Malolos

Because education is just a privilege then in the Spanish regime, the young women of Malolos asked the government to allow them to have a night school wherein Spanish language would be taught. This action called the attention of the Ilustrados who were then in Europe and Rizal is the one who wrote it because it should be written in Tagalog. In spite of being sexist (Sir!), Rizal was able to address the important role of women in nation-building in that they should be a role model for everyone specially they are responsible for rearing the young.

Los Agricultores Filipinos

Rizal exposed the misfortunes of farmers in their living in the 19th century which is not only applicable befre but also until today.

Mi Ultimo Adios

Before passing, Rizal expressed his love ad dreams for our country.

In spite of all the love for Rizal, a Filipino named Renato Corona had the guts to question Rizal’s integrity as the sole national hero through his “Veneration Without Understanding”. I was not a fan of Constantino as he failed to realize what I found in Rizal. I’ve had enough of him.


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