Inky Revolution

12th of May, 2014

Dear Journal,

If Andres Bonifacio led the “bloody revolution”, Rizal is the frontrunner of the “inky revolution”. Instead of using a bolo and shedding blood, Rizal equipped himself with a pen and shed ink on paper. It should be noted that Rizal’s contribution focused on writing literary pieces that ignited the spark of Filipino nationalism to stand up against the Spanish colonialism. Here are the novels and essays that we discussed:



Through his minor characters with the likes of Sisa, Pilosopong Tasyo, Elias and others, Rizal was able to express himself as he was a product of his characters. Noli addressed the Tagalogs and unraveled to them the social cancer that was gradually killing them from the inside. With this 63-chaptered novel, Rizal cost his family trouble and alas! the Calamba Hacienda Case.

Note: Not a love story


A transformation occurred within Ibarra, the assumed personification of Rizal in Noli, and he became the very radical Simuon. With his revenge at hand, Simuon was able to manipulate the Spanish government through his personal ties with them. The Philippines as a whole was the target audience for this novel and revolution was introduced but stood short as education symbolized by the lamp that contained the bomb and a national sentiment was not enough.


Annotation of Sucesos delas Islas Filipinas of Antonio Morga

Along with comments from Rizal, he was able to write manually the whole chronicle of Morga in his travel to the Philippines. It was revealed in that essay that Philippines had a rich culture even before the Spaniards stepped on the Philippine soil.

Sobre la Indolencia de Filipinos

In the Spanish regime, Indios were criticized for their indolence. Blame not only should be shared by the Filipinos but by the colonizers as well. From this essay, Rizal exposed the reasons behind such behavior of Filipinos including the nature, the maltreatment of the Spaniards highlighting ingratitude and corruption and the likes.

Filipinos de Cien Anos

By analyzing Philippines’ past, present and probably the future, Rizal was able to predict the following: (1) Philippines remaining as a colony but will eventually be independent through assimilation, (2) bloody revolution, and (3) fall to another colonizer’s hand, accurately the Yankees.

Sa Kadalagahan ng Malolos

Because education is just a privilege then in the Spanish regime, the young women of Malolos asked the government to allow them to have a night school wherein Spanish language would be taught. This action called the attention of the Ilustrados who were then in Europe and Rizal is the one who wrote it because it should be written in Tagalog. In spite of being sexist (Sir!), Rizal was able to address the important role of women in nation-building in that they should be a role model for everyone specially they are responsible for rearing the young.

Los Agricultores Filipinos

Rizal exposed the misfortunes of farmers in their living in the 19th century which is not only applicable befre but also until today.

Mi Ultimo Adios

Before passing, Rizal expressed his love ad dreams for our country.

In spite of all the love for Rizal, a Filipino named Renato Corona had the guts to question Rizal’s integrity as the sole national hero through his “Veneration Without Understanding”. I was not a fan of Constantino as he failed to realize what I found in Rizal. I’ve had enough of him.



2nd of May, 2014


After so much deliberations on how heroism affects his or her society, in the last week’s discussions we finally have come to somehow put into realizations and applications on watching a summary of Rizal’s life in a documentary.

From the documentary and activities, we have come to know Rizal more not only in the sense of his magnificent deeds in order to ignite the love of Filipinos for our country then, but also an emphasis on how Rizal turned to be a liberal person from a plain Ilustrado.

“With great power comes great responsibility”, under the power of Spain as a colony, Jose and other bayani’s then really needed an awfully lot amount of power to address the oppression brought by the Spaniards. Colonialism has diminished some of our pre-colonial beliefs and tore us Filipinos apart. However, at the end of the day, colonialism’s aftermaths taught us a thing or two on how to love our country better.

Getting To Know

9th of May, 2014

Dear Journal,

Because “Once Upon a Time” is too overrated to be used in telling stories like that of Rizal’s, we started discussing Rizal’s life in the century wherein he lived – the 19th century. As Rizal grew up in that long and in general miserable century, he was exposed to the varying conditions of Philippines then including the economic, social, law and order and environmental.

Philippine economy was manipulated then by the Spanish and generally the Indios were impoverished and taken advantage over by the Spaniards specially the farmers in the domain of haciendas who are used to just having a barter of goods with other Indios but were suddenly forced to use picetas.

Luckily, technological advancement made its presence felt particularly for the transportation, communication and production of products like sugar, tobacco, abaca and coffee.


At this time, the Filipino concept was brought up that did not only pertain to the identity of the inhabitants of the land but also to the religion, in the name of secularization wherein Filipino priests start to gain in number and to the national spirit plus literacy. Discrimination of social classes was heightened through the introduction of the “middle class”.

As the Spanish became more opportunistic in grabbing riches from Filipinos, more crimes were being “committed” by the Filipinos which gave rise to the Guardia Civil who took care of the matters.

Guardia Civil

For the environmental concern, diseases like cholera that killed his brother-in-law became rampant and as more forests are being turned into agricultural sites, deforestation and effects occurred.

Upon realizing the epoch when Rizal lived, it would be easier to understand Rizal’s life which Quebuyen outlined to only five major points putting emphasis on the turning point of Rizal’s life – the Calamba Hacienda Case. In such transition, Rizal turned from a liberal person to a radical one. He then started to write many literary pieces including his essays issued in La Solidaridad and his two novels, Noli and Fili. Personally, I admired Rizal for being able to maintain his native self amidst the numerous strong foreign influences around him; moreover, I was amazed that he really was aware that whatever he was doing then most importantly inspiring other heroes and the masses is already leading him to his martyrdom and eventual recognition as a hero.


25th of April, 2014

                Patricia Evangelista as far as I’m concerned is just one of the ordinary contributors in PDI not until in the latter part of the 21st century did her name caught the attention not only of the Filipinos but of the whole world. In her award-winning piece, the “Borderless World”, I somehow adorned how she confidently declared her being a nationalist as she said that even though she wanted to fulfill her western dreams she would still return to the Philippines and nurture it with all of her might.

I was still a high school student then when I heard that piece, at the end of the day I considered her act as not that much of a brilliant offering for our country; not until I learned from PI 10 that Patricia Evangelista upon doing what she said can already be considered heroic or in a more appropriate term, bayani. I already know that brute force is not only a way for one to be heroic but what struck me the most is gaining the knowledge that you cannot necessarily be dead for your acts to be acknowledged as heroic in Filipino standards and alas! the OFW’s  who are coined as the modern Filipino heroes. Such standards have not only been implemented in the modern times, again aside from the feat of winning killing spree of your enemies, bayani, upon incorporating the other concepts can refer to cooperation thus the term bayanihan. Although not much specified, Filipino epics have been concrete accounts of other ways of interpreting bayani’s. These epics are passed on to the succeeding sovereigns of specific tribes like nuggets of wisdom depicting the victory of that tribe amid odds. Rizal, being the national hero, is the most prominent bayani. He has always been a favorite of mine not only because of his remarkable and outstanding love for the country. His heroic deeds mostly spun on the 19th century, a topic we are about to discuss. Going back to Evangelista’s piece, I can now feel the thrill of simply serving the country after realizing your western dreams, you can show your love to your country Rizal style.